© -Steven Cerra, copyright protected; all rights reserved.
Gordon Jack and the nice folks at Jazz Journal which published this interview in its August 2006 edition were kind enough to allow its reprinting on these pages.
As always, it is a great pleasure to have one of Gordon’s well done interviews on the blog.
I have added the images that populate and the video clip that concludes this piece. You can locate more information about Jazz Journal here.
© - Gordon Jack/JazzJournal, copyright protected; all rights reserved. Used with permission.
It is a well kept secret that Bobby Militello is one of the most exciting and inventive alto soloists in jazz today. His stimulating approach has been an important ingredient in the continuing success of the Dave Brubeck Quartet since 1982. We met in the summer of 2004 to discuss his career, which included four years as a (very) reluctant baritone player with Maynard Ferguson’s big band.
“I was born in
on Buffalo, New
York March 25th, 1950 and in some respects it was
thanks to my mother that I became a musician. She was a big jazz fan and had
bought the first record that we had in our house – Maynard Ferguson’s Message From
Newport (CDP7 937272-2). She would often telephone from jazz clubs when
I was growing up and hold the ‘phone off the hook so I could hear Getz, ‘Trane
or Cannonball blowing in the background.
was a haven for jazz in those days with clubs everywhere
all featuring nationally known players. We went to see ‘The Benny Goodman
Story’ when I was about ten years old which is when I decided that I just had
to learn the clarinet. Buffalo
Eventually in my freshman year of high school I started studying the saxophone with John Sedola who had been with Paul Whiteman and had taught Don Menza among others. He was an excellent old-school teacher who expected you to practice at least six hours every day. He taught classical techniques and was very insistent that nobody can teach you how to play jazz. It has to come from within so that you can develop a style and feel that is completely yours. Some people though just want to sound like Eric Marienthal for instance, which is fine for them.
“Over the years, Maynard had some great sax players like Lanny Morgan and Jimmy Ford that I liked to listen to and I also started memorising a lot of Paul Desmond and Stan Getz solos. For instance, I learnt most of Stan’s Jazz Samba album (Verve CD831368-2) by playing the record over and over until I could scat all the lines which I then played on my horn.” (One of the many Desmond solos he learnt came from the Dave Brubeck quartet’s 1954 recording of Audrey which was dedicated to Miss Hepburn (Columbia CK 65724). At her death in 1993 there was a ceremony at the UN headquarters in
to celebrate her international
work with children. In Doug Ramsey’s immensely well researched biography of
Paul Desmond (Take Five), he points out that her husband specifically
requested the Brubeck quartet to play Audrey for the occasion – a number which
she called ‘My Song’. Ramsey says, ‘Brubeck’s new alto saxophonist, Bobby
Militello, played Desmond’s solo note for note, inflection for inflection. He
had memorised it when he was a boy.’ For
those who would like to play along to the original recording,
this memorable solo has been transcribed and analyzed by Gary Foster in
Ramsey’s book. Just as an aside, the actress apparently played it every night
before retiring. Desmond was unaware of this, which is a pity because as Iola
Brubeck told Ramsey, ‘Paul was so in love with Audrey’.) New York
“The first name band I played with was Maynard Ferguson’s on baritone. Maynard had heard me on alto in the early seventies with a
band by the name of New Wave. Buffalo
We had two horns and a singer and we did a lot of material from the Cannonball Adderley album with Nancy Wilson (Capitol CDP0777) as well as Horace Silver originals like Sophisticated Hippie. We also did a lot of hip, fusion things and I remember I was nuts about Bob Berg at the time. I had pretty good chops and like any youngster with tons of testosterone, I made all the changes and the audience would freak out because I could play so many notes - wisdom just didn’t come into it! You don’t realize at the time, that one note can say it better than all of them in certain circumstances. I learnt later that a substitute change can work over the three you might have used, which simplifies things.
“It was in 1975 that Mike Migliore who was playing lead alto with Maynard called to say that Bruce Johnstone was leaving, so they needed a replacement on baritone. Now I wasn’t a baritone player and I didn’t really like the instrument too much but I needed a gig and I had always wanted to play with Maynard. Not having a baritone, I went to Manny’s music store in
where they had two Selmers – one
with the low A and one without but I didn’t like the model with the low A at
all. The balance felt all wrong so I went for the other horn which cost me
$850.00 and four years later after I left the band, I sold it for
$3000.00. I probably would have stayed
with Maynard even longer but he didn’t want me to switch to tenor or alto. If I
am really honest I would have to say that I was never in love with the baritone
so I didn’t practice it too much but as my teacher said, ‘It’s just a
saxophone, don’t worry…’ New York
“Of course there are baritone soloists I liked like Gerry Mulligan who had a unique approach and Nick Brignola, who was the epitome of how to play bebop baritone. Bruce Johnstone is another one of my favourites. He has an amazing sound rather like a tenor from his middle G on up. Ronnie Cuber too is just phenomenal - I love that Cookbook album he did with George Benson.” (
CK 52977. A Ronnie Cuber album
that is long overdue for reissue on CD is Cubre Libre on the Xanadu label
“While I was with the
band I wanted to make some extra
money, so I became the road manager. It meant a lot of heavy lifting from the
bus to the stage and back again as well as looking after all the music, but I
could supplement my basic $225.00 a week as a sideman, with an extra $150.00 as
a member of the ‘crew’. Ferguson
“Maynard was living on the west coast but we usually met in
or Chicago to begin a tour. Most of the
charts were from the older band but then Jay Chattaway introduced some newer,
fusion things which Maynard really liked. He was keen on the idea of switching
styles although some people gave him a hard time about it. On Primal
Scream (Col PC33953) the producer Bob James hardly used any of the
regular band at all. He had a formula so he wanted to use his usual studio guys
like Eric Gale, David Sanborn,
Joe Farrell, Steve Gadd and Marvin Stamm. All those cats knew exactly what to
do because Bob didn’t write everything out – some charts just ‘happened’. I was
there because of my solo abilities on baritone and flute which created some
problems with the rest of the New York band who had to miss the
date. On Soar Like An Eagle for
instance he told me to copy on the flute exactly what he played on the piano
even though there was no flute part (CBS 81839). We did another album for him
where Mark Colby played beautifully
on Over The Rainbow. After he left
the studio, Maynard asked me to blow a flute solo on the same tune. I went into
the booth and did a ‘one-taker’ which was eventually used on the record instead
of Mark’s solo and I had to live with that!
As a musician, you have no control over those things. For instance, some
critic might write, ‘Maynard doesn’t play so great here, but Militello…!!’ The
next day you get on the bus and there is complete silence because everyone has
read the article and they’re pissed off at you. You had nothing to do with it
but you have to live with the ramifications. Ferguson
“In 1982, I had a call from Dave Brubeck asking me to come to
for an audition. He had heard me
years earlier with Maynard at the Sugar Bush Jazz Festival in New York playing a flute solo. It was
quite a production because the band stopped while I did harmonies, singing and
playing at the same time. Rather like Sam Most had done way back when, although
most people think that approach started with Roland Kirk. Iola had written my
name down in her little book and when Jerry Bergonzi was leaving they needed a
replacement. The audition was held at Studio Instrument Rentals in Vermont which is a big complex where you
can rehearse a show because they provide PA systems and instruments if you need
them. I walked in with my alto, tenor and flute and felt completely
intimidated. Joe Morello, Gene Wright, Chris Brubeck, Randy Jones and Dave were
all there and the hardest thing for me was not asking for everybody’s
autograph! But you can’t blow your cool – you have to act like you belong
there. New York
“They had already sent me about ten charts, including Tritonis, Blue Rondo and Take Five which I had committed to memory. I had them ‘down’ with a good working knowledge of what to do with them so I was ready to go. When we finished those we started fooling around because I knew a lot a lot of standards. Everything Dave played I knew, in any key he wanted. After about two hours, he hired me and I got the gig.
“By this time I had decided to relocate to LA because I wanted to continue growing as a player and it didn’t matter to Dave whether he flew me from
or Buffalo .
Of course I was only with the group on a part-time basis as Bill Smith
was still doing most of the work. I started doing a lot of weddings and parties
in LA - what we call casuals because you can’t just jump straight into the jazz
scene. Don Menza helped me get a gig with the Dee Barton big band on tenor
which is where I met Pete Christlieb and a whole bunch of the cats. California
What a player Pete is. He can play bebop with the best of them but he also creates such beautiful melodies on ballads. He had lessons from Bob Cooper and I am sure that is where he developed his melodic style and you can also hear some Eddie Davis and Ben Webster too in his sound. The public might not know him too well but he has a great reputation among musicians and he is very busy in the studios. It is very expensive to take him on the road because he makes a lot of money in LA just by staying home and not having to travel.” (Pete Christlieb is indeed a giant and an excellent example of his work is on Apogee with Warne Marsh on Warner Bros. 8122-73723-2).
“Within three weeks of arriving in LA I was making about $1500.00 a week, and quite soon I was playing tenor on Bob Florence’s band and second alto to Lanny Morgan with Bill Holman. I got a lot of calls to do rehearsal bands which I love doing and playing with Bill’s band was like going to confession for a Catholic – every Thursday at in room six at the Musician’s Union. Towards the end of my time with Bill, Joe Romano took over on lead as Lanny was touring with Natalie Cole. That was fine because Bill used to say that the lead alto sound he had in his mind when he wrote his charts was either Joe or Lanny. Joe had that Bird influence in his sound and his solos were great. Playing with those bands got me started with all the jazzers in town like Bob Cooper who was a beautiful player. If he had a double booking or wanted to slow down a little he would always give guys my name. With all the competition out there some people feel intimidated about giving you a gig in case you do too well and they don't get the call next time. Bob was different – just a perfect gentleman with no ego or arrogance. Of course I
was also getting a lot of calls on baritone because there aren’t too many around and everyone needs them. You can work like a son-of-a-bitch if you play
, but I didn’t want a career on
the instrument, so I took a brave decision and sold the sucker. bari
“When I first started playing with Bob Florence I would often question him about my part, asking if this note or that note was right. Of course everything was fine but if there was a dissonant half-step I had to learn to place it harmonically and volume-wise inside the chord so that the balance was correct. Bob is one of the few guys who transposes as he writes and the maths involved in keeping track of all those changes is extraordinary.
By this time my reading had really improved because I was doing it all the time although I am not a great sight-reader like Christlieb for instance. I subbed in Supersax a couple of times and Med Flory was very nice to me but I couldn’t keep up with some of those things. The inner voices are very difficult to play because of the way they are written but they work and you learn to skim the chart missing out some of the notes in between! It was intimidating but fun to be with cats like Nimitz and Med because they created something that was cool. If I wanted to do a Supersax thing now I would do it with Cannonball’s solos.
“While all this was happening, I was getting calls from Dave to go on tour with the quartet somewhere. Flying back I would change in the parking-lot of the airport and go and do a six hour casual, which started to get to me in the end. After nine years in LA I was getting more and more jazz calls but it had been a slow process because there are so many great players there. Studio work had slowly died since the union strike a few years earlier so the studio guys were reduced to doing weddings just to keep working. There were a lot of cliques too, so eventually I decided that it was time to go home to
. I had invested in a restaurant there with my brother and
sister and soon after I got back, I made the first of three albums with
organist Bobby Jones (Heart & Soul on PMD
78006-2). He is a wonderful player with
fantastic co-ordination in his feet which means we can play the fastest tempo
without a problem. He is one of those guys who should have a great reputation
but he has always stayed close to home, so not too many people know about him.
We’re probably going to go on the road as an organ trio soon - you can rent organs
and we can pick up a drummer as we go. I also started working with Doc
Severinsen and the Tonight Show Band
along with people like Ernie Watts, Conte Candoli, Snooky Young and Ed
Shaughnessy. Doc took the band on the road after the Tonight Show had finished and it was like listening to jazz history
hanging out with Conte and Snooky on the bus. After about a year Dave’s
schedule became so busy that I had to leave but I know I could go back tomorrow
if I was free. Buffalo
“As I mentioned earlier, Jerry Bergonzi had been with Dave before I joined and he is probably the most unpretentious and creative tenor player in the world and one of the few that Michael Brecker likes to listen to. Michael told me once that he is in awe of him. Jerry’s playing is a great example of theory being developed and Pat LaBarbera is another one like that. All the thought process is in the practicing, so what you get in the performance is a combination of bebop and inside/outside playing that builds a tension that is extraordinary.
“On alto I have always liked Phil Woods and Paul Desmond of course was an early influence but Cannonball is probably my all-time favourite. I was completely taken with his sound, soul and aggression. I listen to Hubert Laws on flute big time and Sam Most too was a major influence. James Galway and Jean-Pierre Rampal were also important because I wanted to get that pure legitimate flute sound so that I didn’t sound like a ’doubler’. The challenge for me was to make the flute appear to be my principal instrument.
“I have been with Dave Brubeck now for almost 22 years, longer than Desmond and probably longer than anyone except Bill Smith. Dave is like Maynard because if you can play, he places no limitations on you at all. If you decide that tonight you are going to take it ‘out’ – go ahead and do it. If tomorrow you want to play bebop on the same tune – do it. If you want to experiment once in a while and play that extra four choruses that you normally wouldn’t play – that’s fine with Dave too. He isn’t afraid of sharing the spotlight because he looks forward to you expressing yourself. In many of my other playing situations I am a leader myself, but as a sideman with Dave I still get the ultimate freedom of expression while he has all the responsibility. It’s nice to just land at the hotel and have someone else take care of everything. You don’t have to deal with all the issues the leader has like fronting the group, making announcements and worrying about who is late. In many ways being a sideman is one of the better things in life because your job each night is just to go to the gig and blow.
“I love playing with Dave and in case you’re wondering, I never get tired of playing Take Five!”
The following video tribute to Bobby features him on “Graduation Day” from his Heart and Soul CD [PMD 78006-2] with Bobby Jones on Hammond B-3 organ and Bob Leatherbarrow on drums.