Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Remembering The Mastersounds

Due to some requests from researchers I am re-posting this feature, one of the blog's earliest.

Despite the difficulty in navigating the Blogger platform to "leave a comment," it has garnered over a dozen comments over the years. Who knew that the Mastersounds were as widely popular and highly regarded by the general Jazz public?

It was always been a "tough go to find enough regular work to keep a small Jazz combo with local or regional appeal going."

Given these circumstances, the miracle of The Mastersounds is that they lasted as long as they did and left such a relatively rich recorded legacy.

© -Steven Cerra, copyright protected; all rights reserved.

The Mastersounds were formed in 1957 and included Charles Frederick “Buddy” Montgomery on vibes, Richie Crabtree on piano, William Howard “Monk” Montgomery on bass [originally a Fender electric bass, but later an upright string bass] and Benny Barth on drums. The Montgomery Brothers were natives of Indianapolis, IN as was their more famous guitar playing brother Wes, who was to join with them on two of their group LPs.

Monk Montgomery developed the idea for the combo while living in Seattle after he got off the road with the Lionel Hampton Big Band in 1956. According to Ralph J. Gleason, a down beat columnist at that time: “Monk, from his experience in Seattle, was convinced a good jazz group would have a chance to work in that city and he was right.”

The Mastersounds opened at Dave’s Blue Room on January 14, 1957 for a successful three month engagement. However, a dearth of work followed prompting the group to pool its meager resources and send Monk Montgomery on a trip to San Francisco and Los Angeles looking for gigs and a recording contract.

Shortly after arriving in San Francisco, Monk Montgomery stopped by The Jazz Showcase, a then newly formed club on venerable Market Street with a unique “soft drink only” policy. Dave Glickman and Ray Gorum, owner and manager of the club, respectively, upon hearing the Mastersounds tapes Monk Montgomery had brought along, booked the group into the room beginning in September, 1957 for an unlimited engagement.

The fairy-tale quality of Monk Montgomery’s California trip was to get even better when he continued his ‘quest’ down to Hollywood. There he met fellow bassist Leroy Vinnegar whose immediate reaction to listening to the Mastersounds demo tapes was to call Dick Bock, president of World Pacific Records. Upon hearing them, Bock signed the group to a contract that would result in six albums being produced for the World Pacific/Pacific Jazz Series until The Mastersounds disbanded as a performing group in December, 1959.

Fortunately, in recent years, most of the Pacific Jazz recorded legacy of the Mastersounds has found its way onto compact disc including a session when the group reunited in the recording studios of Fantasy Records on August 10 and November 2, 1960 and the two albums that group made on these dates [Fantasy 3305 and 8862] have been combined and issued as The Mastersounds Fantasy FCD 24770-2. The cover art for this CD is by Ray Avery and is shown as the graphic lead-in to this article.

The CD tray plate annotations offers the following comments about The Mastersounds:

"Because their instrumentation of vibes-piano-bass-drums mirrored that of the contemporaneous Modern Jazz Quartet, one of the finest and most celebrated groups of all time, the Mastersounds may have been somewhat overlooked. Moreover, the Mastersounds best known members, vibist-arranger Charles “Buddy Montgomery [b. 1930] and William “Monk” Montgomery [1921-1982], who pioneered the electric bass in jazz, were the younger and older brothers, respectively, of Wes Montgomery, merely the greatest jazz guitarist of the post-bop era. (The ensemble was completed by drummer Benny Barth who, like the Montgomerys, was from Indianapolis and pianist Richie Crabtree). Still, the West Coast foursome’s coolly soulful, tastefully-arranged approach won them their share of fans, as well as the 1959 Down Beat Critic’s Poll for Best New Group."

At World Pacific, The Mastersounds first LP – Jazz Showcase … Introducing the Mastersounds [PJM-403] incorporated many tunes and arrangements that had become staples of their repertoire during the group’s tenure at the club including a spirited [an oft-requested] version of Bud Powell’s Un Poco Loco, Wes’ Tune by Wes Montgomery, and Dexter’s Deck by tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon. This debut album also offers intriguing Buddy Montgomery arrangements on such standards as Lover, If I Should Lose You, That Old Devil Moon and Spring is Here.

Fortunately or unfortunately, depending upon your point of view, what followed this initial release were three Mastersounds albums on World Pacific which were intended to capitalize on the Jazz-Impressions-of-Broadway-Show craze that swept the country in the late 1950s.

In the span of about two years, Dick Bock was to release The King and I: A Modern Jazz Interpretation by the Mastersounds [PJM-405], Kismet: An Interpretation by the Mastersounds [WP-1243] which included Wes Montgomery, and Flower Drum Song: A Modern Jazz Interpretation by the Mastersounds [WP-1252].

These three LPs were a commercial success for Dick Bock’s label and helped to enhance public awareness of the Mastersounds. Somewhat surprisingly, given the inappropriateness or unwieldiness of much of the material for Jazz treatments, each does contain some interesting music.

The King and I offers intricate arrangements by Buddy Montgomery particularly on Getting to Know You and Shall We Dance; Kismet has a lovely interpretation of Baubles, Bangles and Beads and some fresh ideas on how to syncopate the usually stodgy Stranger in Paradise; Flower Drum Song with tunes such as Love Look Away, Grant Avenue, Chop Suey and I’m Going to Like it Here provide many opportunities to employ pentatonic scales, modal vamps and even a Max-Roach-tympani-mallet extended drum solo by Benny Barth.

It wasn’t until late in 1958 with the issuance of Ballads and Blues [WP 1260] that the Mastersounds returned to its jazz roots.

This album includes a captivating Blues Medley made up of Milt Jackson’s Bluesology, Dizzy’s rarely heard Purple Sounds, and John Lewis’ Fontessa, as well as, first-rate interpretations of Miles’ Solar and Dizzy’s The Champ.

In late 1958 and throughout 1959, the Mastersounds became a frequent fixture at the Jazz Workshop in San Francisco, while also appearing that year at the Blue Note in Chicago, Birdland in New York and Rhode Island’s Newport Jazz Festival.

With their return to Southern California in 1959 for a stint at Jazzville in Hollywood, Dick Bock picked their April 11th concert at Pasadena Junior College to record an issue their only in-performance recording – The Mastersounds in Concert [WP 1269].

As C.H. Garrigues, jazz critic of The San Francisco Examiner at the time comments in his liner notes for the recording:

“From the opening of ‘Stompin’ at the Savoy’ through the tongue-in-cheek sentimentality of ‘In a Sentimental Mood,” into the flying carpet of ‘Love for Sale,’ through the thoughtfully lyric development of ‘Two Different Worlds,’ … it would be difficult to find any area of sincere jazz feeling in which they are not at home.”

And, in celebration of their warm reception as artists-in-residence at their beloved North Beach San Francisco bistro, The Jazz Workshop, at the end of 1958, World Pacific released The Mastersounds Play Compositions of Horace Silver at the Jazz Workshop [WP-1282].

With their sensitive interpretations of Horace’s Ecaroh, Enchantment, Nica’s Dream, Doodlin’, [the-all-too-rarely-heard] Moonrays and Buhania, as Richard Bock points out in his liner notes:

“The music of Horace Silver provides a perfect vehicle for the Mastersounds to project their very earthy concept yet sophisticated jazz conception. The group has never been recorded in better form. …

The Mastersounds have reached a jazz maturity that has developed from over three years of playing together. This collection of the music of Horace Silver, one of Jazz’s greatest new composer-arrangers, represents a high point in the Mastersounds’ career.”

For a variety of reasons both personal and professional, the Mastersounds decided to disband as a performing and touring group in 1960, although the fact that they all took up residence in the greater San Francisco area after this decision made it easy for them to regroup later in the year to record the two sessions for Fantasy.

From the standpoint of what might have been, and to my great delight since these are their only recordings in a digital format, the Fantasy recordings made on August 10 and November 2, 1960 which have been combined and issued as The Mastersounds [Fantasy FCD 24770-2] show the group to be in exceptional form both individually and collectively.

The ensemble work is superb, the arrangements are intricately complex, and their improvisations are, to a man, their best on record, especially those of Benny Barth who had developed into a inventive and technically adroit drummer over the 4 year span of the group’s existence.

Unfortunately, the Mastersounds existed during a time when the World of Jazz, unlike today, basked in a surfeit of riches making their superb contributions to the genre all too easy to overlook.

And, with all due respect to Messer’s Jackson, Lewis, Heath and Kay, the Mastersounds during its brief life, were the equal musically, of anything offered by the MJQ with the exception of its longevity which, in and of itself is not always the ultimate standard of judgment.

The problem in any “Age of Excess” is that the star that burns the longest is not necessarily the brightest.

And yet, the existence of the Mastersounds made my formative days in the World of Jazz all the better for having not missed the opportunity to know them and their music.

It is always important to remember those who helped "make you as you go,” thus - a remembrance of the Mastersounds.

[The Jazzprofiles editorial staff wishes to acknowledge Ralph J. Gleason, Russ Wilson, Nat Hentoff, Richard Bock and C.H. Garricules whose Mastersounds liner notes provided much assistance in the factual and interpretive material contained in this feature.]


  1. I cut my jazz teeth on The Mastersounds, the real, the original, MASTERSOUNDS (Monk Montgomery, Buddy Montgomery, Benny Barth and Richie Crabtree). In the late '50's I spent many a Saturday night at the Jazz Workshop in San Francisco while a student at San Jose State. To the best of my 74 year old knowledge, Monk Montgomery was the first jazz musician to play the "Fender" electric bass. While Buddy as a talented vibes player at the time, to my amazement, some forty years later, I heard Buddy playing solo as the featured artist presented by the San Jose Jazz Society. Unbeknown to many, Buddy was a fantastic Bebop pianist. And, I mean he was a very talented, but little know, bebop pianist. I believe I still have all of the Mastersounds original LP's but unfortunately they are too scratched to enjoy. Who ever has the original LP masters should re-release them!

  2. All tracks from "Kismet" have been released on CD on a Wes Montgomery compilation "The montgomeryland sessions" in 2009. The sound quality is astonishing as the master tapes weren't played much during all these decades. it's very pretty music in fact.

  3. First of all, thank you for this wonderful page on the Mastersounds. I have felt for many years (and continue to feel) that they are under-appreciated. I'm disappointed that their World Pacific recordings have not received more respect and attention in terms of digital transfer and reissue by major labels over the years.

    Just as an update, and in terms of good news, some of their LP's have indeed been reissued on CD, albeit by small labels overseas. "Kismet" has been reissued again, along with "The King and I", by El Records in the UK. Also, the Fresh Sound label released three LP's on two CD's: "The Mastersounds Play Horace Silver"; "Ballads and Blues"; and "The Mastersounds In Concert". They also released "Introducing the Mastersounds" (with the subtitle "Water's Edge") as a single disc.

    In addition to the CD's, there are some recordings available as mp3's via iTunes. I just purchased "The King and I", "Ballads and Blues" and "In Concert" in this form, for $6 each. I also understand that the iTunes store in Ireland offers the El Records release mentioned above in mp3 form.

  4. It is great to see others with an appreciation of this group. My father loved 'em, now I have his old scratched albums. From 78-79 out of college and traveling to LA, Chicago, NY and London I struggled to find any sign of this group, but alas, time, technology and the internet have given my new hope!

  5. I've never been Jazz junkie, but I have a copy of Blues and Ballads that was my fathers. The back of the jacket is stamped "Promotional Not For Sale". I don't know where he got it, but I have always enjoyed listening to it. The nice thing is that my Dad did not play it much on his old Webcor portable phonogragh, so it sounds really amazing - almost mint in my opinion. I decided to do a little research on the Mastesounds so here I am!!

  6. Have been fan since 1961 when the original group played a concert in our JC gym in Salinas CA. How lucky were we!

  7. Did they ever record "What the Simple Folk Do"? I remember this from the seventies, but I think they did.

    1. A great site this and thank you for this article and I find it quite touching that some of you mention the LPs being in your respective father's collections and the effect their discovery had on you.
      As a matter of interest I'm an 81 year old UK Vibes player - still playing with no diminution of technique etc!!! - and I play many of the tunes from these records. They were a wonderful group and Buddy's Vibes playing is fantastic particularly on the "real" jazz records (try 'Un Poco Loco' from their first album - wow!) and his ballad work on 'Two different worlds' is just beautiful.
      I was so lucky hearing them at the time of these recordings and they still thrill me all these years later.

  8. The Mastersounds were indeed an amazing group of players - fabulous, and greatly underrated even today. Subsequent to the Band's demise, the ongoing careers of all the players are easy to chart - all except pianist Richie Crabtree - he seems to have disappeared entirely in the early 60's Does anyone know whatever happend to him - talented man he was. Much obliged for any insights!

  9. I saw the Mastersounds several times at Jazz Workshop in S.F. approximately 1959 when I was a grad student at Stanford. It was a wonderful small venue and you could talk with the musicians between sets and they were very friendly and gracious. I had all their LP recordings which I taped in the mid-1980's, but by then the records were somewhat scratched. I sold the LP's at a garage sale but still have the cassette tapes and enjoy them occasionally--poor sound quality but great arranging and musicianship. In that same time period, I accidentally found Wes Montgomery playing beautiful solo jazz at a neighborhood tavern in Sacramento and during a break asked him who he was and he told me his name and I stupidly asked "are you any relationship to the Montgomery's in the Mastersounds" and he laughed and said "Yeah, they are my brothers!" That was before Wes had any national recognition and he seemed to be scrambling to make a living in music at that time! Many thanks for publishing this info on the Mastersounds! John Wilcox

  10. You forgot to mention the Mastersounds LP "Happy Holidays from Many Lands" from 1959.

  11. Thanks everybody for the comments and the tips in order to find other Mastersounds' material. I knew Wes Montgomery albums but it's only later that I discovered the combo's music after buying The Montgomeryland Sessions on CD. Thanks again.

  12. After years of listening only to the mono version, I finally scored a stereo version of Happy Holidays From Many Lands. It sounds stellar. I just recorded it to MP3 today and it's like a new record.


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